3rd Alabama Infantry Regiment

"The Glorious Third" Alabama's first volunteers

Captain Hoyt’s Christmas

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Winter Quarters, Christmas Eve, 1863

Dear Sis:

My heart is with the dear ones at home this beautiful moonlit Christmas Eve. How I long to be with you . . . but I am with you in spirit. Since writing last, we have moved––very unexpectedly to us––to within seven miles of Orange C.H. and have received orders to build winter quarters. After working like bees for three days my cabin was finished this afternoon. We worked very hard today that we might enjoy the luxury of a chimney corner tonight.

So I cut a large pile of wood, and with a bright fire roaring up the chimney, have been trying for the past hour to realize that this is Christmas Eve. [. . .] George Dunlap and I concluded to devote our evening to home, so here we are, both of us, with unbleached tallow candle between us, writing away for dear life.

I pause occasionally to look around and enjoy my warm little house.ow like a palace it seems. Out of doors, Jack Frost is hard at work, giving nature a silvery covering, and the stars twinkle coldly far up in the heavens. What a night it is for an old time Christmas frolic. I fancy I can see them now, and but for an exceedingly bad cold, could doubtless smell the fragrance rising from that large punch bowl, highly suggestive of good old brandy, roasted apples, lemons, hot water and––let me get my pipe––these thoughts are too much for my nerves. I wish I had Dicken’s ‘Christmas Carol” or Irvings’s “Bracebridge Hall,” the enjoyment would be so great from the contrast.

 Tonight, one year ago––where were we? Now I know you would like to spend another Christmas at Pittsburg [NC], you needn’t deny it––I am convinced of it. Your Christmas present arrived last night [i.e. her letter] and I enjoyed it by firelight . . . You are like a Hebrew Bible––when you tell a thing you begin at the end [. . . .]

I saw in the papers the announcement that the collection of animals on exhibition at the Capitol building [i.e. the politicians] had dispersed to their mountain caves [. . .] Since you so indignantly deny having any malice whatever against Miss Maggie [a young Richmond woman, the Captain had met in June of 1862] I have concluded to let you look at her. I know you will be disappointed––the picture is like her, and yet is not like her. It will convey the idea that she is at least five years older than she really is. And then the face doesn’t wear that bright, open smile of hers. Yet at times, I have seen her with that haughty contemptuous look––when she is tired of listening to such men as Jamus Fox for instance.

But there is one thing which cannot be denied [. . . ] she is certainly a stylish looking ‘turn out.’ Having this introduced you to her, I shall certainly expect, in your next, to have your opinion of the young lady––and by the way, you must send her back to me. She writes me of all the love letters which she receives from her numerous suitors [. . . ]

Dec. 26th [. . . ] I would have finished this letter yesterday, but our Cook, an unbleached American, took into his head to spend his Christmas in bed, upon plea of sickness. I, because of my talents in that line, was unanimously chosen to fill the vacancy, whereupon I took an inventory of our larder, scratched my head and set my wits to work, for a grand Christmas dinner. The following bill of fare was the glorious result.

The beef was pronounced ‘a la mode’, the pris, superb, and needed not such puffs (that’s good) to establish my reputation as a chef de cuisine of the first class. I was busy as a bee all day, and the only trouble I experienced was with the pastry [. . . .] as fast as I rolled my pastry one way, it drew up the other, and I could not possibly induce the upper and lower crust to stick together. (I had previously noticed such a state of things in society) Consequently the syrup would all bubble up out of the edges [. . . ]

Your Affect. Brother

The Christmas Menu:

–––– Soupson ––––

Black eyed pea

–––– Boiled ––––

Knuckle of Ham

Black eyed peas

–––– Baked ––––

Beef stuffed with bacon & red pepper

Irish Potatoes

–––– Pastry ––––

Peach pies, sweetened with sugar

––– Dessert ––––

Fried puffs, honey sauce

–––– Coffee ––––

–––– Tooth Picks ––––

–––– Pipes ––––



Written by boothma

December 24, 2017 at 5:05 pm

“To our regiment was given the honor “

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After the disasters of Seven Pines and Malvern Hill, the 3d Alabama Regiment was much reduced in number when the Army of Northern Virginia moved north.

They had sustained 200 casualties at Seven Pines on June 1st, another 200 just one month later at Malvern Hill. The Gulf City Guards (Co B) marched with only 13 officers and men; the Mobile Rifles (Co K) about the same number.

In the early hours of September 3, 1862, Rodes’ Alabama Brigade (under command of Col. Gordon) marched through Leesburg, VA., and camped about one mile north.

 “[Gordon] made us a speech to the effect that, to-morrow would be awarded to Alabamians the honor of putting foot on the soil of Maryland. Immense cheering!”                                        –– letter of ‘Cadet’ 9-7-62

Next day, because of their valorous conduct at Malvern Hill, Gordon awarded the 3d Alabama the honor of first crossing of the Potomac.

“Left camp at 10 1/2 o’clock, a clear bright day, the ‘Old Third’ in the advance; reached the Potomac in the vicinity of the Aqueduct of the Chesapeake and Ohio canal . . . ” –– IBID

About 4 PM, under command of Capt. Simpson, the Wetumpka Light Infantry (Co I), the Tuskegee Light Infantry (Co C), the Mobile Cadets (Co A), and the Gulf City Guards (Co B) were detailed as skirmishers to go down to the river “to shoot Yankees.”  They fired into tents on the far shore, and a handful of enemy scrambled out and galloped off on horses. The skirmishers forded the river above the aqueduct “just where the Monocracy River empties into the Potomac” (the spot at the 43 mile marker (i.e. 43 miles from Washington). To Captain Simpson, of the Co B, went the credit ‘first man to cross the Potomac’.

At 6 PM, General D.H. Hill, Colonel Gordon and the bulk of the regiment crossed shouting “Third Alabama! Third Alabama!” (Presumably the rest of the brigade followed).

            “It was quite an amusing sight to see us crossing; a great many men in their shirts alone, tearing across with their rifles in hand, ready to fire at any one they could see on the other side . . . Our color-bearer rushed up the riverbank in his shirt alone, and stuck his colors firmly in the ground, amid loud cheers.” –– Jeff Carver (Co B)

Simpson’s battalion was ordered back to the Virginia side to support the artillery and guard the camp for the night.

      “All night and part of the next day was taken up in destroying the Chesapeake and Ohio canal . . .” –– ‘Volunteer’ in the Mobile Advertiser of 9-8-62

All this was prep for the invasion of Maryland. On September 6th  D.H. Hill’s division marched towards Frederick, MD, and camped at the Best Farm, about 3 miles short of the town on the southeast side.




Written by boothma

August 31, 2017 at 6:19 pm

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The Wetumpka Light Guards

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George F. Sedberry, Wetumpka Light Guards

George F. Sedberry, Wetumpka Light Guards

1LT Louis H. Hill,  Wetumpka Light Guards Co I, 3rd Alabama Regiment

1LT Louis H. Hill,
Wetumpka Light Guards
Co I, 3rd Alabama Regiment

On the morning of April 27, 1861, Captain Edward Ready ordered the volunteers of the Wetumpka Light Guards to fall in. Subordinate officers and sergeants then took charge and soon two long ranks of militiamen formed on West Bridge Street, between the whitewashed panels of the Presbyterian Church and the stolid red brick sanctuary of the Baptists. A long covered bridge crossed the Coosa River here, connecting the residential half of Wetumpka to its commercial center. Their uniforms had been delayed from Columbus, GA, and they would not be uniformed until they reached Norfolk, VA.

A few of the men may have been feeling the effects of the night before. The one hundred twelve volunteers had been treated to a feast at Hagerty Hall, courtesy of Mr. McKinney Thomas, who provided “meats and cake enough . . . to feed five hundred . . . and plenty of the best liquors to wash it down,” Enough, at least, for the non-Baptists.

Next morning, by the bridge, the citizens of the county gathered to be warmed up by the Reverend Mr. Brewer’s lengthy address. The ladies of Wetumpka now presented the company with a new national flag, (the ‘Stars and Bars’) which Lieutenant Storrs, accepting on the Guards’ behalf, said embraced “in its various colors of the red, white, and blue” emblems “of courage, purity, and truth, and having upon it a circle of stars, each of which represents a free and sovereign State.” “Under this flag,”, he said, “we go forth to battle for our rights.” Lieutenant Henry Storrs was the pride of the community, and would have made his father, the late Judge, very proud this day. Just twenty-two, Henry was a graduate of the University of Virginia, and had just returned home from Cambridge, attaining a law degree from Harvard.

The Guards had already been deployed once, with Colonel Lomax’ Second Regiment at Pensacola, investing Fort Pickens. They had come home at the end of February well-drilled, disciplined and fit. Storrs concluded his remarks, by praising the ladies: “There is a power, beyond any other, in the influence of woman on man, for patriotism or indifference, for courage or cowardice.” Looking towards the volunteers: “’tis woman’s influence that makes such men as these.” He ended his remarks prophetically: “Nothing more is left for me to say; but for all, and to all: goodbye.”

Through the rousing cheers, Mr. Thomas came through again, contributing one hundred dollars to the benefit of the company, and passing the hat raised about seven hundred dollars. Altogether, the citizens had raised fifteen hundred dollars. Mr. Thomas also committed to furnishing the entire militia with uniforms. It was with chagrin Coosa County had to send off her finest boys without proper uniforms. But in the raising and outfitting of an army, supplies were short, and the mills at Columbus, Georgia, had failed to send the material on time. When the militia joined their regiment in Montgomery, they would be the only company not in uniform.

But their muskets and accoutrements were in good shape, their officers were uniformed, and when they heard the bell from the steamer “Le Grande,” they knew the time had come to part ways. The ranks were formed into column of fours, and (crossing the bridge in route step), they descended Main Street to Crommelin’s landing, for the short journey downriver to Montgomery. Besides Captain Ready and Henry Storrs, the Le Grande carried lieutenants Louis Hill, and William Havis; Orderly (First Sergeant) Oscar Smith, and many others: George Sedberry, James Stamp; William Martin Teague (future Mayor of Montgomery); Horatio Tulane; Ben Melton (who would be their Captain at Appomattox); former Governor Fitzpatrick’s son, John; the four Bross boys; the three Wall brothers; the sharpshooter: Sawyer Ziegler. One young man, J.J. Stoker, probably “missed the boat,” but soon joined the Guards in Norfolk. He would lose an arm to the war, but survive and later prosper in Texas. He would die exactly 78 years after Mr. Thomas’ banquet, the last man in the regiment, save one.

George H. Ellison: “The bravest man in my Corps”

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Sometime in late 1864, Major General Ewell, commander of the Army of Northern Virginia’s 2d Corps, heard of a remarkable exploit. He had the soldier involved brought to him––heard the story again––and took him to meet his commanding general, Robert E. Lee. Introducing George Ellison, of Co E of the 3d Alabama Regiment, to Lee, Ewell said: “This is the bravest man in my Corps.” Few who knew the man would disagree.

George Ellison was the eldest son (possibly the adopted son) of Thomas Ellison of Mobile, a “master plasterer” of that city. Before the war, Ellison (then 19) was earning a living as a bricklayer. In April 1861 he volunteered with the Washington Light Guards (Captain Arch Gracie), which, a shortly after became Co E, of the 3d Alabama. The 3rd was the first regiment to reach Virginia from any Confederate state, mustered into service at Lynchburg, May 4, 1861.

After spending a year in garrison at Norfolk, 3d Alabama saw their first action in May ’62 at Drewry’s Bluff (overlooking the James River), repulsing an assault led by the Monitor. Their first battle was three weeks later at Seven Pines. The Third sustained 200 casualties (about 33%) on the morning of June 1, 1862. Ellison was not engaged, his company was held in reserve. He was in line of battle the next month, however, for another bloodbath: Malvern Hill.

The details are unknown, but Corporal George Ellison first came to the notice of his commanders at the Battle of South Mountain, near Boonsboro, Maryland on Sept. 14, 1862. He is mentioned in D.H. Hill’s Official Report. In that action Rodes’ Brigade (of which 3rd Alabama was a part) had to buy time for Lee’s army to coalesce at Sharpsburg. The thin grey line of Rodes’ Brigade (consisting of about 1500 men), held off the advance of McClellan’s right wing for a full day.

The first story directly attributed to Ellison occurred after the Battle of Fredericksburg. He single-handedly brought in 40 prisoners. When asked how he had managed this, he replied: “I surrounded ’em, and captured ’em.”

Over that winter Brigadier Robert Rodes created the first Corps of Sharpshooters in the Army of Northern Virginia, under command of Maj. Eugene Blackford. The new Corps took one man in twelve from each regiment. Those that didn’t measure up were sent back. Maj. Blackford demanded each company forward its best men. Ellison was one of the original 200 sharpshooters. By the Spring, Ellison had been promoted to sergeant. At Chancellorsville 3d Alabama was the vanguard regiment in Jackson’s famous flank march, and the front line of battle in the ensuing rout of the Union’s XI Corps. After the battle, Lee mandated each company in his army select one individual to include on the battle’s Roll of Honor. Ellison was the selection of Co E. Robert Rodes was promoted to Major General.

Two months later, Rodes’ Brigade (now under command of Col. O’Neal) was among the first arriving at Gettysburg. As usual, the sharpshooters were in front as a thin line of skirmishers. Approaching the area now known as Reynold’s Woods, the sharpshooters were advancing on the enemy with the main body of Ramseur’s and Daniel’s brigades firing through them at the Yankees. As related by another sharpshooter, Dick Stinson, a mounted Federal officer making his escape nearly ran down Ellison from behind. Recovering, Ellison yelled for the officer to surrender. The officer yelled over his shoulder: “Only to a General officer!” “Just as you choose,” said Ellison. “It makes no difference to me.” He fired, bringing the man down, “in a mud hole, sadly wounded.”

He was recommended for promotion to 2nd Lieutenant in March of ’64, but was captured at Spotsylvania in May, while probably holding brevet rank. He falsely gave his rank as captain and was thereby included with the other Confederate officers. In August 1864, he was included in the group of officers that became known as the “Immortal 600,” the group used by the Federals as human shields in the bombardment of Charleston. Ellison should have been there but wasn’t. He was one of only two escapees from the group. While on board the POW’s steamer, en route to the port, he took a life preserver and went overboard, floating/swimming eleven miles to shore. Instead of heading home, he returned to his unit. He was back with the army by Sept. 2. (Receiving the pay of a 1SGT on Sept 4).

This is probably when Ewell heard of him. Ellison never did receive his officer’s commission. His official records end in 1864. He was probably in Mobile for the end of the war (he was not a Petersburg for the evacuation or at Appomattox). He surrendered in May of 1865. After the war, he married a girl he had met at Norfolk, early in the war, moved to Texas, lived to a rip old age. He died in Texas, November 9, 1931.

Written by boothma

April 10, 2015 at 10:10 pm

The Election for Major, Part II

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Every regiment had line officers and field officers. Captains and lieutenants were “officers of the line,” in command of the various companies; divided between two battalions: First and Second. Field officers  commanded these: First Battalion was always under its Lt. Colonel; Second battalion, under its Major. (Colonel Lomax had overall command of the entire regiment).

With Captains Sands, Woodruff and Gracie out of the running (for one reason or another) 3d Alabama still had to select a major. As a ‘volunteer’ regiment, their leaders (every officer in fact, with the exception of staff appointments such as commissary and quartermaster) were chosen by ballot. Lomax and Battle had been approved for colonel and lieutenant colonel (respectively) by nearly unanimous vote.

Major was a different matter. Absent the obvious frontrunners, the regimental vote was split among second-tier officers. For a variety of reasons, most of the remaining captains and first lieutenants did not allow their names to be put forward:

Captain Bonham of Co H, for instance, was wrestling for the leadership of his own company, the Lowndes-Beauregards; Captain Powell of D, was also enduring a wave of dissatisfaction among his own volunteers (Both men would have made excellent field officers, and each was promoted to the rank of major before the end of the war). Captain Swanson of C, was a martinet–no one wanted to be under his command; Captain Andrews of the Montgomery True Blues (G) already was making arrangements for his company to be detached as an artillery battery…and so it went. Technically, any officer or man was eligible, but to capture this vote one needed a following. None of the first lieutenants mounted a viable campaign–many were themselves being recruited to officer newly-forming regiments.

The choice appeared to boil down to: Captain Edward Ready of Wetumpka, (Co I) or the erratic Winston Hunter, captain of the Metropolitan Guards (F)–the other Montgomery militia. In the first evening’s balloting, Hunter got the most votes but not a majority. The next night, in two subsequent tallies, Ready overtook Hunter by a slim margin. But neither had a majority. And regiment-wide enthusiasm for either was lacking.

In classic American fashion, a dark horse arose: Charles M. Forsyth was 2nd lieutenant of the Mobile Cadets. He was popular with the men–especially so, with those from Mobile, representing the largest voting bloc. He was young, dashing, and wealthy. He treated the volunteers firmly, but with respect. His father, John Forsyth, was the powerful and influential publisher of the Mobile Register, one of the great pulpits for State’s Rights. Also in his favor was his pretty fiancé, Laura Sprague.

On the minus side (and a serious consideration it was), he was under the command of Captain Robert Sands, 35, ten years his senior, who was, unquestionably, the man best suited for the majority. But Sands had declined the offer, and there was no going back. In a decided upset, the final vote was Forsyth 321; Ready 138; Hunter 131. Young Charlie, 25, while away in Mobile, was elected Major of the 3d Alabama. A decision that would redound over the next three and a half years.

Written by boothma

March 18, 2015 at 5:30 pm

The Election for Major, Part I

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When the 3d Alabama Regiment of Volunteers was organized in Montgomery, April 27, 1861, Jones Withers of Mobile was elected colonel. His election was preordained by the back room maneuvering of two Mobile Cadets: Henry Hotze and Charles Forsyth.

Forsyth, 25,  (son of John Forsyth, Publisher of the influential Mobile Register) held a commission as 2LT in the Cadets; Hotze, the Swiss polymath, was an assistant editor at the paper. As Mobile’s Militias represented the largest faction of volunteers in the new regiment, “honor” dictated they be lead by one of their own, i.e. Jones Withers, their Mayor. All this came at the expense of a more deserving candidate: Tennent Lomax, of Montgomery.

Lomax, while no West Pointer (like Withers), was a veteran of the Mexican War, former Captain of the Montgomery True Blues, and in January 1861 picked by Gov. Moore to lead the Alabama Expeditionary Battalion into Florida, where they invested Federal troops at Pensacola’s Fort Barrancas.

But in the Montgomery election, Forsyth and Hotze canvassed the various militia captains (who were delegated by their men to vote as a bloc) and once they reached a majority, the dissenting votes fell in line as a show of solidarity. Withers, 46, was elected colonel (representing Mobile); Lomax, 40, was elected lieutenant colonel (representing the next largest bloc: Montgomery) and Cullen Battle, 31, a lawyer from Tuskegee (and Lomax’ brother-in-law) was elected major, a nod to the two militias companies from Macon County.

This structure lasted no longer than it took for Withers’ thirst for higher rank. Withers was promoted to Brigadier in late June, returned to Mobile, and Lomax and Battle were each promoted by the nearly unanimous vote of the men (no longer voting as blocs), in July. So the question before them: who to fill the open position of Major?

There were several obvious frontrunners: Sands, Gracie and Woodruff, all three captains of Mobile companies; Sands, 35, was the Captain of Mobile’s elite militia: the Mobile Cadets. As senior line captain of the regiment (his commission dating from 1846), the promotion was his for the taking. But he declined…professing his only desire was to captain his beloved Cadets.  Louis Woodruff was next senior, captain of the vaunted Mobile Rifles––the best-drilled militia in the State and described as the only company that could have been accepted by the French Army. But Woodruff also declined! Possibly due to his age (45) or to his aspirations to raise a regiment of his own (which he eventually did). The third choice–but far from least–was Archibald Gracie, age 29, United States Military Academy class of ’54. An imposing officer (he was a beefy 6’4″), Gracie nonetheless was popular with officers and men, despite the fact he was a New Jersey Yankee. He had married into the Mayos of Richmond, and had left the army a few years before to start his business career in Mobile. But Gracie had just received a promotion to major in another regiment…and he declined! (he eventually attained the rank of Major General).

This left the race for major wide open.

Written by boothma

March 18, 2015 at 12:26 pm

The Gulf City Guards, Roster: April 23, 1861

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The 92 officers and men (age and rank) of the Gulf City Guards Militia, as of their boarding the steamer Selma, bound for Montgomery, April 23, 1861. “This is a fine and gallant company [the Gulf City Guards], of the flower of Mobile. Verily has Mobile contributed 400 of her best and most chivalrous youth in the four companies that have gone North…at 5 o’clock, the Guards moved from the armory, and marched up Royal to Dauphin, and down Dauphin to the steamer ‘Selma,’ on board of which they took passage…”                         – New Orleans Picayune   Alvarez, Alexander King,  20 Anderson, Simeon H.,  24; Anderson, William T.,  24; Ayers, William C.,  21

Ballufoy, Francis C. ; Bartee, J. Frank,; Bealle, Crawford Montgomery,  19; Bingham, Charles Ogden, 1SGT,  31; Bostwick, William W.,  19; Branch, Thomas W.,  22; Bullis, Halsted C.,

Campbell, Charles C.,  18; Carver, Thomas J. Jr.,  18; Chappell, William A.; Comegys, William Crawford,  24; Cooke, James Jarvis,  27; Cotlin, John Joseph, Jr.,  24; Couch, Edgar William,  18; Couch, James E.,  22; Crane, Julius M.; Cuthbert, Octavius,  20;

Dailey, James,  Musician,  [30]; Deas, Thomas Jerome,  20; Dent, George Truman,  19; Donovan, Octavius C.,  22; Downe, Charles W.,  28

Ellis, Henry J.,  1CPL,  25; England, Richard,  24

Flannery, Matthew W.,  23; Ford, Edward C.,  22; Griffing, Hiram L., [2]CPL,  24; Hall, Alexander P.,  34; Hall, Benjamin R., ; Hall, Willis Edgar/Emerson,  19; Hampshire, Francis P.,  20; Harris, Willmond C.,  21; Hartean, Samuel W. ; Hartwell, William, Captain,  41; Hawthorn, Keeler Hartwell,  20; Holland, Jacob F., 1LT,  27; Hollingsworth, James B.,  23; Holmes, John W. Jr.,  19; Hudson, John J.; Huggins, Charles R.,  21; Hunt, James P.

Kellogg, Quincy A.,  25

Langdon, Lewis B.,  21; Langdon, Daniel Webster, 3SGT,  28; Lavalette, John L.,  23; Lee, Samuel B.; Lee, Hugh Alison,  24; Lethwaite, Alexander E.,  [21]; Lewis, John H.,  24

Mahorner, Matthew,  22; McVoy, Wilberforce; Melville, Thomas H.,  [23]; Merrill, Willis M. , [13–17]; Monk, William Harrison,  18

Nash, Franklin J.,  3CPL, 21

Partridge, Daniel Jr.,  2SGT,  24; Partridge, William, @20; Payne, John,  24; Pillson, William A.; Punch, John Asbury,  20

Randall, James F.,  23; Rea, George H.,  21; Richey, Robert,  26; Robbins, Arthur Ferris, 2LT(jg), 23; Rondeau, Henry W.,  21; Russell, Simeon J.M.,  [28?]

Sharpe, Gordon,  22; Shaw, Robert H.,  [22;] Sheffield, Frederick Augusta, 5SGT,  23; Sheffield, Robert Paul, [4]Cpl,  20; Simpson, John Richard, 2LT(sr),  28; Spencer, Francis E.,   21; Spencer, Thomas A.,  24; Steele, Charles,  30; Steele, William H.,  22; Sturdivant, Norwood,  20; Summersell,  George Fishweek,  22; Summersell, William Fishweek,  25

Tarleton, William W.,  21; Taylor, John T.,  20; Toomer, Edward Terry

Vail, Lovick C.,  17

Ward, George Emory,  29; Weaver, Walter T., 21; White, Emmett J.; Wilkins, Sidney T.,  20; Wragg, Henry Clay, 21

Young, Samuel A.,

An additional 13 volunteers joined the company, May ’61: Barker, Walter B.,,  age 19; 5-10-61 “at Mobile” by John Curren Bestor, John T.,   age?; 5-15-61 at Mobile Bibb, Thomas H. Jr., [21]; 5-22-61 at Mobile Brooks, Samuel Berry,  21; 5-22-61 at Mobile Hudson, James, age ?; 5-15-61 at Mobile Johnston, Henry C.,  @25?; 5-10-61 at Mobile Keines, Leander J., 24?; 5-18-61 at Mobile Pardieu, Lucian B., 30; 5-22-61 at Mobile Richardson, Samuel H.,  29; 5-22-61 at Mobile Sheehan, Francis,  19; 5-22-61 at Mobile Shotwell, Reuben H., 31; 5-22-61 at Mobile Turner, Jacob Henry,  18; 5-22-61 at Mobile Turner, George Elmore,  20; 5-22-61 at Mobile